Avefría II YMS-268 - Historia

Avefría II YMS-268 - Historia


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Avefría II
(YMS-268: dp. 236; 1. 136 '; b. 24'6 "; dr. 10'; a. 15 k;
cpl. 32; a.1 3 ", 2 20 mm, 2 dcp., 2 act .; cl. YM S-135)

YMS 268 fue establecido el 1 de diciembre de 1942 por Kruse & Banks Shipbuilding Co., North Bend, Oreg., Lanzado el 16 de abril de 1943, patrocinado por la Sra. J. H. Granger, y encargado el 31 de julio de 1943.

Después de la sacudida a lo largo de la costa oeste, YMS 268 entrenó a equipos de dragaminas de San Pedro, California, durante la mayor parte de la guerra, contribuyendo al esfuerzo de guerra al aumentar la eficiencia de las operaciones de rastreo de minas estadounidenses en todo el mundo.

Después de 2 años de operaciones de entrenamiento, el dragaminas llegó a Pearl Harbor el 26 de mayo de 1945 para su despliegue en el Pacífico occidental. Asignado a la Séptima Flota, el YMS-268 operó desde Guam, Filipinas y Okinawa de julio a agosto. Tras la rendición de Japón, retiró las minas de la bahía de Tokio y alrededor de la isla de Honshu.

Partiendo de Kobe el 9 de marzo de 1946, el veterano barco llegó a San Francisco el 24 de abril. Después de 1 mes en la costa oeste, YMS 268 se dirigió a los Grandes Lagos a través del río San Lorenzo. Al llegar a Chicago el 25 de julio, fue asignada al programa de Entrenamiento de Reserva del Noveno Distrito Naval. YMS-268 fuera de servicio y FUE puesto en servicio el 1 de noviembre de 1946.

Reclasificada YMS -268 y nombrada Avefría el 1 de septiembre de 1947, continuó sus operaciones en el programa de Entrenamiento de Reserva. Avefría volvió a entrar en servicio el 12 de febrero de 1951 en Orange, Texas, al mando el teniente Charles M. Kirkham. Al llegar a Charleston, Carolina del Sur, el 19 de marzo, el dragaminas participó en operaciones a lo largo de la costa este, desarrollando nuevas técnicas en la guerra de minas hasta 1957. Durante este período, fue reclasificada como MSC (0) -48 el 7 de febrero de 1955.


Avefría II YMS-268 - Historia

Avefría
(AM-1: dp. 950 1. 187'10 "b. 35'6" dr. 9'10 "s. 14 k.
potro 78 a. 2 cl. Avefría de 3 ")

La avefría (AM-1) fue colocada el 25 de octubre de 1917 por Todd Shipyard Co., N.Y., lanzada el 14 de marzo de 1918, patrocinada por la señorita Agnes Forshew Schlegel y encargada el 12 de junio de 1918, el teniente (jg.) William Fremgen al mando.

Después de varios cruceros de escolta de convoyes a Halifax, Lapwing partió de New London, Connecticut, el 26 de septiembre de 1918 hacia Europa. Asignado al bombardeo de minas del Mar del Norte, el dragaminas extrajo 2.160 minas de aguas británicas entre junio y septiembre de 1919. A su regreso a los Estados Unidos, fue enviada a la costa oeste, llegando a San Diego el 21 de octubre de 1920. Navegando hacia Pearl Harbor en Enero de 1921, Lapwing participó en operaciones de barrido de minas en aguas de Hawiian hasta que fue dado de baja el 11 de abril de 1922.

Avefría volvió a entrar en servicio en Pearl Harbor el 1 de septiembre de 1932, el teniente R J. Arnold al mando. Llegó a Coco Solo Canal Zone el 29 de octubre para operaciones con la fuerza de exploración de aeronaves. De 1933 a 194l, Lapwing participó en varios ejercicios con aviones, ayudando a desarrollar la capacidad de la aviación naval estadounidense para su papel decisivo en las guerras futuras. Reclasificada AVP-1 el 22 de enero de 1936, operó principalmente con hidroaviones en la Zona del Canal, a lo largo de la costa oeste. y en el Caribe.

Con base en Trinidad, British West Indies, tras el estallido de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Lapwing fue asignado al Atlántico Norte. Partiendo del Caribe el 26 de febrero de 1942, llegó a Narsarssuak, Groenlandia, el 12 de mayo. Operando con Patrol Wing 3, Lapwing permaneció en el gélido Atlántico Norte, participando en misiones de patrulla y ASW con hidroaviones.

Después de otra breve gira por el Caribe, la licitación de hidroaviones llegó a Cayo Hueso el 13 de junio de 1943 para servir como buque escuela. Operando desde Fleet Sound School durante 11 meses, Lapuing ayudó en la perfección de la tecnología Air AEIW. Más tarde, en un crucero a Recife, Brasil (mayo-agosto de 1944), también como unidad de apoyo de la fuerza de tarea, la licitación del hidroavión regresó a Cayo Hueso el 4 de septiembre y operó allí durante el resto de la guerra.

Al llegar a Charleston, 8.C., 6 de octubre de 1946, Lapwing fue dado de baja allí el 29 de noviembre de 1946. Fue vendida por WSA el 19 de agosto de 1946 a W. S. Sanders, Norfolk, Va.


Vanellus vanellus (Linnaeus, 1758)

(Charadriidae Ϯ Avefría del Norte V. vanellus) Med. L. Vanellus avefría & lt tenue. L. vannus ventilador de aventar (en alusión a las alas anchas y el vuelo flexible) & quotVanellus. Género 71. . ** 1. LE VANNEAU. . VANELLUS. & Quot (Brisson 1760): basado en & quotVanellus & quot, & quotCapella & quot y & quotCaprea & quot de Gessner 1555, y muchos otros autores, y Tringa Vanellus Linneo, 1758 & quotVanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, pág. 48 5, pág. 94. Escriba, por tautonimia, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linn & eacute. '' (Peters 1934, II, 235). La avefría del norte parece ser el miembro más aberrante del género, se ha sugerido que Hoplopterus resucitar para todas las otras especies actualmente incluidas en Vanellus.
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.
Synon. Acantopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibusvia, Nonia, Lobivagusan, Lobivagusia, Lobivagusia, Lobivagusviano Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

Medicina. L. Vanellus avefría & lt tenue. L. vannus abanico aventado "78. TRINGA.. Vanellus. 2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependiente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148. Capella s. Vanellus. Campana. AV. 49. a. Gesn. AV. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. C. 63. Voluntad. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. AV. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. AV. 110. Alba. AV. I. pag. 70. t. 74. Hábitat en Europa, África. Migrat forte en Ægyptum. Ova Belgis en deliciis. " (Linneo 1758) (Vanellus).


Vanellus cayanus (Latham, 1790)

(Charadriidae Ϯ Avefría del Norte V. vanellus) Med. L. Vanellus avefría & lt tenue. L. vannus ventilador de aventar (en alusión a las alas anchas y el vuelo flexible) & quotVanellus. Género 71. . ** 1. LE VANNEAU. . VANELLUS. & Quot (Brisson 1760): basado en & quotVanellus & quot, & quotCapella & quot y & quotCaprea & quot de Gessner 1555, y muchos otros autores, y Tringa Vanellus Linneo, 1758 & quotVanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, pág. 48 5, pág. 94. Escriba, por tautonimia, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linn & eacute. '' (Peters 1934, II, 235). La avefría del norte parece ser el miembro más aberrante del género, se ha sugerido que Hoplopterus resucitar para todas las otras especies actualmente incluidas en Vanellus.
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.
Synon. Acantopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibusvia, Nonia, Lobivagusan, Lobivagusia, Lobivagusia, Lobivagusviano Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

Medicina. L. Vanellus avefría & lt tenue. L. vannus abanico de aventar "78. TRINGA.. Vanellus. 2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependiente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148. Capella s. Vanellus. Campana. AV. 49. a. Gesn. AV. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. C. 63. Voluntad. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. AV. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. AV. 110. Alba. AV. I. pag. 70. t. 74. Hábitat en Europa, África. Migrat forte en Ægyptum. Ova Belgis en deliciis. " (Linneo 1758) (Vanellus).

cayana / cayanensis / cayanna / cayanus

Cayena o Guayana Francesa. En la ornitología temprana, & ldquoCayenne & rdquo se usaba a menudo para especies de procedencia incierta que se presume eran de la Amazonia.
● ex & ldquoGros-bec de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (sin. Caryothraustes canadensis).
● ex & ldquoCotinga de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (Cotinga).
● ex & ldquoGrimpereau verd de Cayenne & rdquo (♂ = ♀) de Brisson 1760 (syn. Cyanerpes caeruleus).
● ex & ldquoGrimpereau verd de Cayenne & rdquo (= ♀) de Brisson 1760 (syn. Cyanerpes cyaneus).
● ex & ldquoGeay de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (Cianocorax).
● ex & ldquoBlue Manakin & rdquo de Edwards 1751, y & ldquoPipit bleu de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (Dacnis).
● ex & ldquoTangara noir de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (sin. Euphonia cayennensis).
● ex & ldquoT & ecirctema de Cayenne & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 821 (sin. Formicarius colma).
● TL erróneo. Santo Tomás (= Cayena) ex & ldquoCarouge de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760, y & ldquoYellow-wing & rsquod Pye & rdquo de Edwards 1764 (Ictericia).
● ex & ldquoPetit autour de Cayenne & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 473, y & ldquoCayenne Falcon & rdquo de Latham 1781 (Leptodon).
● ex & ldquoGobe-mouche de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (Myiozetetes).
● ex & ldquoBihoreau de Cayenne & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 899 y de Buffon 1770-1786 (sin. Nyctanassa violacea).
● ex & ldquoCoucou de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (Piaya).
● TL erróneo. Cayenne (=? Chile) ex & ldquoGr & egravebe de Cayenne & rdquo of d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 404, fig. 1, y & ldquoGrand Gr & egravebe & rdquo de Buffon 1770-1785 (sin. Podiceps mayor).
● ex & ldquoR & acircle de Cayenne & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 368 (sin. Rufirallus viridis).
● ex & ldquoCoq-de-Roche & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 39 (sin. Rupicola rupicola).
● ex & ldquoGriverd de Cayenne & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 616, & ldquoGrivert & rdquo o & ldquoRolle de Cayenne & rdquo de Buffon 1770-1786, y & ldquoCayenne Roller & rdquo de Latham 1781 (? Syn. Saltator maximus).
● ex & quotTangara verd de Cayenne & quot de Brisson 1760 (Tangara).
● ex & ldquoCayenna Tern & rdquo de Latham 1785 (sin. Thalasseus maximus).
● ex & ldquoPie-griesche grise de Cayenne & rdquo de Brisson 1760 (Tityra).
● ex & ldquoPie-gri & ecircche tachet & eacutee de Cayenne & rdquo de d & rsquoAubenton 1765-1781, pl. 377 (sin. Tityra cayana).
● ex & quotPluvier arm & eacute de Cayenne & quot de d & # 39Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 833 y de Buffon 1770-1785 (Vanellus).


¿Quieres saber más sobre HMS Lapwing?

Ldg.Tel. Bobbie Mortimer HMS Lapwing (muerto el 20 de marzo de 1945)

Skr.1st.Cl. Hubert Sydney Stanley HMS Lapwing (muerto el 20 de marzo de 1945)

Stkr. Frank Keogh HMS Lapwing (muerto el 20 de marzo de 1945)

Frank Keogh se alistó en la Royal Navy en Great Malvern, Worcestershire el 25 de enero de 1943 a la edad de 17 años. Siguió a su hermano mayor Richard a la Armada. Comenzó como Stoker 2nd Class inicialmente en la División HMS Duke Anson (el establecimiento de la costa de la Royal Naval con sede en Great Malvern). Su hermano también era fogonero.

Durante mayo de 1943 estuvo en los servicios de apoyo de convoyes en el Atlántico a bordo de los destructores HMS Milne y HMS Onslought. En julio de 1943, Frank salió de la costa noruega a bordo del HMS Manhratta (Destructor), donde participó en redadas ofensivas de distracción (coincidiendo con la invasión de Scicily). En agosto de 1943, Frank estaba a bordo del HMS Oribi (Destructor) y estuvo presente en la visita real de SM el Rey Jorge VI a la Flota Doméstica en Scapa Flow y también participó en demostraciones con los barcos de Flotilla al día siguiente.

Después de un entrenamiento adicional en Scapa y Plymouth, Frank fue ascendido a Stoker 1st Class en enero de 1944. Posteriormente se unió al recién comisionado HMS Lapwing (un Black Swan Sloop en marzo de 1944 y fue desplegado en los accesos occidentales para escolta de convoyes. En mayo - HMS Lapwing fue nominado para el servicio con el 111. ° Grupo de escolta en apoyo de los desembarcos aliados en Normandía, con base en Plymouth, pero se unió al Grupo en Milford Haven en junio para escoltar al Convoy EBP1. Aunque la operación se retrasó 24 horas hasta el 5, cuando se unieron a Convoy EBP1 con Group en el Canal de Bristol.

Frank y el avefría llegaron a la cabeza de la playa el 7 de junio con EBP1 después de pasar por el canal barrido. Luego regresaron a Plymouth con el Grupo para continuar escoltando a los convoyes de seguimiento. Después de la terminación de la Operación Neptune, el barco permaneció en el área del Canal para escolta de convoyes y operaciones antisubmarinas. Antes de trasladarse al 8º Escolta al Grupo para la defensa del convoy en los Aproximaciones del Noroeste. En octubre de 1944, el HMS Lapwing se destacó para el servicio de escolta de convoyes rusos con la Flota Nacional y se desplegó para el Convoy JW61 durante el paso a Kola Inlet. En noviembre participó en operaciones antisubmarinas contra U-Boats ensamblados en Kola Inlet antes de regresar con el Convoy RA 61. Aunque sufrió severos daños climáticos durante el regreso y tuvo que ir al astillero Clyde para reparaciones.

A finales de noviembre, se unió al convoy ruso JW62 que llegó a Kola Inlet el 7, comenzando el regreso el 10 con el convoy RA62, siga más barridos de UBoat El siguiente convoy para Rusia fue el Convoy JW63 que llegó con seguridad y comenzó su regreso el 11 con Convoy RA63, aunque fue un pasaje excepcionalmente tormentoso que obligó al convoy a refugiarse en el noreste de las Islas Feroe, y nuevamente causó más trabajos de reparación de daños causados ​​por el clima en el astillero de Clyde. El 3 de febrero de 1945, el HMS Lapwing se unió al convoy ruso JW64 y llegó a Kola Inlet el día 15, pero solo después de que el HMS Denbigh Castle fuera torpedeado por el U993 y sufriera daños importantes de los que finalmente se hundió. Después de fuertes y sostenidos ataques aéreos durante la travesía con una escolta. El barco fue desplegado con otras escoltas para llevar a cabo cazas antisubmarinas asistidas por aviones rusos para atacar U-Boats ensamblados fuera de Kola Inlet y durante estas operaciones el U425 fue hundido por HMS Lark / HM Alnwick Castle. Aunque el HMS LARK fue posteriormente alcanzado por un torpedo autoguiado del U968 y abandonado y el HM Corvette también fue hundido por el U711 con el mismo tipo de arma, con solo 12 supervivientes. Elogiaron su convoy de regreso el 19 de febrero después de la dispersión por un clima muy duro y ataques aéreos sostenidos que fueron rechazados por fuego AA de escoltas y aviones del HM Escort Aircraft Carrier Nairana. El 23 de huracán, los vientos volvieron a dispersar el convoy que fue reensamblado, pero finalmente el RA64 regresó al Reino Unido.

El 11 de marzo, Frank y HMS Lapwing comenzaron su último viaje a Rusia, uniéndose al Russian Convoy JW65 a Kola Inlet. El día 20 fue alcanzada en medio del barco por un torpedo autoguiado T5 disparado desde el U968 frente a Kola Inlet en la posición 69 26N 33.44E. El barco se partió en dos, pero la sección de popa permaneció a flote durante 20 minutos, lo que permitió rescatar a algunos supervivientes, pero desafortunadamente Frank no estaba entre los pocos. Hubo 61 supervivientes y 158 hombres murieron. A su regreso de este viaje, Frank iba a ser el padrino de la boda de sus hermanos mayores.

El año pasado mi madre solicitó la Medalla del Atlántico en nombre de su hermano Frank, tardó mucho en llegar, pero finalmente la entregó al día siguiente de su fallecimiento.


Avefría II YMS-268 - Historia

Ejemplos generados automáticamente:

& quotNo avefría roba el regaliz de Lieschen.& quot
Sentencia de Tatoeba.org 1327657

Entradas con & quot; aplastamiento & quot

llorar: & hellipVietnamese: khóc & # 8206 Võro: ikma & # 8206 Yiddish: ווײנען & # 8206 Origen e historia del amplificador II Imitativo de su grito. Sustantivo llorar (pl. Llora)

: & hellip 鳧 趨 鳧 趨 雀躍 鳧 (japonés) pulgar derecho 200px 鳧 (keri) Kanji avefría de cabeza gris Lecturas Origen e historia del amplificador I Pronunciación Formas alternativas 計 里 & hellip

limpiar: & hellipeye limpia el suelo limpia la pizarra Origen e historia del amplificador II Compara la vipa sueca & # 8206, la vibra danesa & # 8206 ("avefría"). Wipe Sustantivo (pl. Wipes)

Cra: & hellipave de corral (aves) ave del paraíso (ave del paraíso) avefría (avefría) ave marina (ave marina) ave migratoria, ave de paso, ave pasajera (ave migratoria) & hellip

kibitz: & hellip (kibitsn), del alemán kiebitzen & # 8206 ("mirar"), de Kiebitz & # 8206 ("avefría, chorlito, persona entrometida, observador en un juego de cartas"), de gibiz & # 8206 ("chorlito") & hellip

Cuota

Cita

Citar esta página:
& quotlapwing & quot & ndash Diccionario en línea WordSense (20 de junio de 2021) URL: https://www.wordsense.eu/lapwing/

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Agregue una nota a la entrada & quot; aplastamiento & quot. Escriba una sugerencia de uso o un ejemplo y ayude a mejorar nuestro diccionario. No pida ayuda, no haga preguntas ni se queje. No se permiten etiquetas ni enlaces HTML.


Buscando registros del puerto de Fortaleza y el puerto de Mucuripe

¡Hola! & # 160 Actualmente estoy investigando sobre las transformaciones de la costa de Fortaleza y ahora estoy investigando sobre la época en que los estadounidenses llegaron a Fortaleza durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Mi objetivo es identificar los cambios en el puerto de la ciudad y su costa. Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Fortaleza tenía un puerto antiguo y, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, se construyó uno nuevo en la Bahía de Mucuripe (donde hay un faro), cerca de Fortaleza.

El caso es que leí en un libro brasileño que Estados Unidos construyó los tanques de combustible del puerto y finalizó la construcción del puerto de Mucuripe, pero no tengo más pruebas que lo confirmen. Lo que encontré recientemente es este extracto del libro "Building the Navy's Bases in World War II & # 160 Volume II (Part III) Part III: The Advance Bases Chapter XVIII Bases in South America and the Caribbean Area, Incluyendo Bermuda":

& ldquoFortaleza. - Cuando se inició la construcción de las instalaciones de la Armada para apoyar la operación de dos dirigibles y seis bombarderos de patrulla en Fortaleza el 14 de abril de 1943, el programa preveía una pista pavimentada de 5.000 pies por 200 pies e instalaciones de alojamiento y abastecimiento de combustible para el Ejército. La construcción naval, realizada mediante un contrato de gestión otorgado por el Ingeniero del Ejército del Distrito, requirió nueve meses para su finalización. Además de las instalaciones para el personal, se construyó un edificio de almacenamiento de helio, cuatro tanques de combustible con una capacidad total de 20,000 galones, un área de estacionamiento pavimentada, un hangar de nariz y una alfombra de despegue para dirigibles. Todas las instalaciones se utilizaron al máximo de su capacidad después de su finalización. La base de Fortaleza fue clausurada en junio de 1945 & # 8221.

¿Tiene alguna idea de dónde puedo encontrar documentos, mapas, informes sobre este tema? Además, ¿dónde puedo solicitar fotografías de la ciudad de Fortaleza y su puerto durante este tiempo?

Descubrí que USS Chain USS Caris USS Barnegat USS Goff USS Humboldt USS Lapwing USS Matagorda USS McDougal USS Patoka USS PC-591 USS PCE-844 USS PCE-870 USS Rehoboth USS Sandpiper USS Saucy USS Seneca y USS Thrush navegan hacia / desde Fortaleza y anclado aquí (tal vez hay más o uno de arriba está mal). También estaba la construcción de una Base Aérea aquí (Campo PICI). Si conoces otros barcos que estuvieran aquí, me alegraría mucho. Muchas gracias por su tiempo y atención.

Re: Buscando registros del puerto de Fortaleza y el puerto de Mucuripe
Rebecca Collier 20.10.2020 10:45 (в ответ на Lucas Macedo Lopes)

¡Gracias por publicar su solicitud en History Hub!

Buscamos en el Catálogo de Archivos Nacionales y localizamos 15 series pertenecientes a Brasil y 4 unidades de archivo relacionadas con Mucuripe en los Registros de la Oficina del Jefe de Operaciones Navales (Grupo de Registro 38) para la década de 1940. También localizamos 4 series en los Registros de los puestos del Servicio Exterior del Departamento de Estado (Grupo de Registro 84) que incluye el Consulado de los Estados Unidos en Fortaleza, Brasil en la década de 1940. A continuación, localizamos los archivos de casos de propiedad naval, ca. 1941-1958 en los registros de la Oficina de astilleros y muelles (grupo de registros 71) 1 serie y 2 unidades de archivos en los registros de las fuerzas de operaciones navales (grupo de registros 313) y 2 series en los registros de la oficina del jefe de ingenieros (Record Group 77) que incluye Brasil. Para acceder a todos estos registros, comuníquese con los Archivos Nacionales de College Park - Referencia textual (RDT2) por correo electrónico a [email protected]

Por último, ubicamos la serie Registros Relativos al Programa de Desarrollo Aeroportuario, 1942 - 1946 en los Registros de la Oficina del Jefe de Ingenieros (Grupo de Registros 77) que incluye Brasil. Para acceder a todos estos registros, comuníquese con los Archivos Nacionales de College Park - Cartographic (RDSC) por correo electrónico a [email protected]

Debido a la pandemia de COVID-19 y de conformidad con la orientación recibida de la Oficina de Administración y Presupuesto (OMB), NARA ha ajustado sus operaciones normales para equilibrar la necesidad de completar su trabajo de misión crítica y al mismo tiempo adherirse al distanciamiento social recomendado para el seguridad del personal de NARA. Como resultado de esta nueva priorización de actividades, es posible que experimente un retraso en la recepción de un reconocimiento inicial, así como una respuesta sustantiva a su solicitud de referencia de RDT2 & amp RDSC. Lamentamos los inconvenientes ocasionados y agradecemos su comprensión y paciencia.


Avefría II YMS-268 - Historia

Withington fue un pequeño pueblo rural hasta mediados del siglo XIX. Era principalmente agrícola, con la mayor parte de la población empleada como agricultores y trabajadores agrícolas. Withington, sin embargo, tenía un suministro principal de gas y agua desde un período temprano. Se colocó gas desde Manchester en 1852, y el agua de la red, hasta el White Lion, estuvo disponible desde 1854.

El censo de 1801 mostró que la población de Withington era de 743 en 133 viviendas. En el censo de 1851, esto se había duplicado a 1.492 en 265 viviendas, y en 1891 se había multiplicado por diez a 14.213 en 2.541 viviendas 2.

Viajando a lo largo de lo que ahora es Wilmslow Road a mediados del siglo XIX, se verían algunas casas de campo y granjas, junto con algunas casas más importantes, así como varias casas públicas, la iglesia parroquial y la casa pastoral de nueva construcción, y, en Burton Road, una herrería y taller de carretero. Aparte de esto, a ambos lados del camino, la tierra era casi enteramente agrícola.

La estación de tren de Withington y West Didsbury se inauguró en 1880 en Lapwing Lane / Palatine Road 8:

La estación abrió como "estación de Withington" cuando Midland Railway abrió su nueva línea Manchester South District desde la estación central de Manchester. Se cambió el nombre a "Withington & amp Albert Park" en 1884, y luego a "Withington & amp West Didsbury" en 1895. La línea Manchester South District y la estación cerraron en julio de 1961. En la década de 2000, la carretera de acceso y la pared adoquinada original de la estación todavía estaban visible desde Lapwing Lane, y los restos de los andenes de la estación aún se podían ver en la parte inferior del terraplén cubierto de maleza. Manchester Metrolink ahora está utilizando esta sección de la ruta, con la apertura de la estación West Didsbury cerca en 2013.

La construcción de la estación de tren en 1880 anunció una nueva era y gran parte del antiguo Withington desapareció a medida que continuaba la urbanización. La aldea que alguna vez fue rural se convirtió rápidamente en un gran y bullicioso suburbio de Manchester. Sin embargo, incluso en 1886, todavía se conducían vacas y ovejas por el centro, y los cerdos se mantenían en Burton Road 2. Los orígenes rurales de Withington se recuerdan en la continua tradición de llamar al centro del distrito "The Village".

Desde 1876, Withington fue dirigido por una Junta Local con un área extensa de gobierno. Entre 1894-1904, Withington se convirtió en un consejo de distrito urbano. El primero Ayuntamiento de Withington (1881) todavía permanece como un edificio bastante ornamentado en Lapwing Lane, cerca del cruce con Palatine Road. En 1904, Withington se incorporó a la ciudad de Manchester.

En un período posterior, en 1915, Withington fue descrito 4 como " Rico, una especie de Olimpia de clase alta, con un aire bastante pronunciado de 'cultura' y vida superior " y Moss-side como "clase media" y "Oficinista" con "ambiciones inclinadas a los adosados"!

  • Comenzamos el recorrido a pie por Withington, comenzando en la esquina de Cotton Lane y Wilmslow Road (ubicación A en el mapa).

A . Withington Green

Withington Green es un terreno aproximadamente triangular en el cruce de Wilmslow Road y Cotton Lane. Johnson's Plan de la parroquia de Manchester 6 (1820) registra el asentamiento en un área más amplia como "Withington Green", lo que sugiere que el propio Green es considerablemente más antiguo. Withington Green también está marcado, como terreno público, en el Mapa de Withington Diezmo de 1845-1848. El Green era conocido localmente como "el diamante". En el período victoriano y más tarde, se introdujeron árboles ornamentales y parterres con una variedad de diseños a lo largo de los años. Con la construcción del Centro de Investigación del Cáncer de Manchester adyacente (ahora el Edificio de Investigación del Cáncer de Oglesby), completado en 2015, el Green se ha rediseñado aún más.

B . Manchester de Maggie

Justo al sur de Withington Green, en Kinnaird Road, se encuentra Manchester de Maggie 22. Vale la pena desviarse de la ruta a pie. Hay Centros Maggie's en todo el Reino Unido que brindan apoyo a las personas con cáncer, así como a sus familias y amigos. El Centro de Withington, el edificio Robert Parfett, fue el decimoctavo en construirse y era, en ese momento, el más grande del país. El edificio tiene un diseño innovador del arquitecto nacido en Stockport, Lord Norman Foster. 21 Los jardines fueron diseñados por Dan Pearson, ganador del premio RHS Chelsea Flower Show. La instalación fue inaugurada en 2016 por la duquesa de Cornualles. El edificio y los jardines son una espléndida adición a Withington.

Cotton Lane corre hacia el este desde Green. Es una vía antigua, registrada en Johnson's 1820 Plan de la parroquia de Manchester 6 pero es probable que sea mucho mayor.

El área al este de Green, llamada Cotton Tree Field, Cotton Field o Cotton Doles, es un remanente de uno de los antiguos campos abiertos de Withington 6. El origen de estos nombres no está claro. Whittaker 2 sugiere que el nombre probablemente proviene de "franjas de la co-ciudad que forman los campos en el otro extremo (de Cotton Lane) " - parte del antiguo sistema de campo abierto. Esto puede ser correcto, pero "árbol de algodón" sugiere álamos, que a veces se conocen como "árboles de algodón" o "álamos" de las semillas suaves. Casa pública Cotton Tree on Cotton Lane, cuyo nombre recuerda al antiguo Cotton Tree Field, fue demolido en 2011 y reemplazado por pisos.

El primer edificio del Hospital Christie fue inaugurado en 1932 por Lord Derby 13. Esto reunió a dos instituciones previamente separadas: el Hospital Christie, que lleva el nombre de Sir Richard Copeley Christie, una vez rector de la Universidad de Manchester, y el Instituto Holt Radium, que lleva el nombre de Sir Edward Holt, un ex alcalde de Manchester. El hospital es ahora (2020) uno de los centros de educación, investigación y tratamiento del cáncer más grandes de Europa.

La vista de Grange y Tatton

The Grange (en la esquina norte del cruce de Wilmslow Road y Cotton Lane) ahora (2020) alberga una Escuela Preparatoria Musulmana. Anteriormente era una "casa de reposo", y antes era propiedad de la Sociedad Amalgamada de Trabajadores de la Madera, de ahí las iniciales ASW en el poste de la puerta. El edificio actual está representado en el mapa de 1892 OS. El edificio anterior en este sitio era una granja llamada 'Old Mill Dam Farm', perteneciente al señor de la mansión, los Egerton de Tatton.

La fecha de las casas en Tatton View es 1879. Todos los números de las casas son pares. En los jardines de las casas actuales, se planeó que hubiera casas similares, tomando los números impares. Sin embargo, cuando se inspeccionó el terreno de este lado, se descubrió que un arroyo corría por debajo (Shaw Brook o un afluente del mismo 10), por lo que el terreno no era apto para la construcción. Tatton View forma la parte más al sur del área de conservación de Withington y las casas aquí son algunos de los mejores ejemplos de casas victorianas adosadas de este tamaño en el área.

D . El leon rojo

El Red Lion es el edificio más antiguo de Withington y está catalogado como de Grado II. Se cree que el edificio actual tiene al menos 200 años y que el sitio posiblemente sea más antiguo. Fue la ubicación de un tribunal local, el Withington Court Leet, hasta 1841, y el lugar de reunión de los fideicomisarios de Turnpike Trust para (lo que ahora es) Wilmslow Road 2.

El León Rojo solía ser el centro de la denominada "procesión de carros rápidos", como se relata en Kenneth Whittaker's Una historia de Withington 2 : "Esto tuvo lugar el día de San Oswald, el cinco de agosto. Los juncos, que Withington proporcionó para esparcir en el suelo de la iglesia parroquial de Didsbury, se apilaron en un gran carro y se escoltaron con mímica y baile. La procesión se celebró durante más de seiscientos años, sobreviviendo hasta bien entrado el siglo XIX. En años posteriores, el carro rápido se fabricó en Mee's Farm, en la parte trasera del 'White Lion'. A veces, la fecha 1603 se diseñó con caléndulas en el carro. Fletcher Moss sugirió que esta fecha indicaba cuándo se utilizó por primera vez un carro para transportar los juncos. Antes, se habrían utilizado hombres o caballos de carga.."

Se cuenta que, alrededor de 1872, Wilmslow Road se inundó fuera del Red Lion y aparentemente el interior del pub también se inundó. Algunos patos entraron desde un estanque cercano y nadaron un rato bastante contentos. 2

En Arnfield Road, en el lado sur, la primera casa (No. 4) es un reemplazo. El edificio original (casas n. ° 2 y 4) fue alcanzado por una bomba en 1940, sufrió graves daños y luego fue demolido. 3

mi . Antigua Comisaría, Bomberos y Fragua

El presente estación de bomberos (ahora la estación de bomberos de la comunidad de Withington, 2020) es la primera en el área. Antes de ser construida, la estación de bomberos más cercana estaba en el centro de Manchester. El edificio actual dispone de viviendas para bomberos. Alguna vez también albergó una estación de policía. El edificio combinado se construyó en 1931. Sin embargo, antes de este edificio había una comisaría de policía más pequeña. El original no tenía celdas y los detenidos debían ser trasladados a Didsbury. La estación de policía se mudó de aquí a Copson Street / Hill Street y funcionó como una estación de 9 am a 5 pm desde 1981, pero ahora está cerrada.

Busca lo viejo hito cercano. En 2013, fue catalogado (Grado II) como monumento de especial interés histórico, gracias a los considerables esfuerzos de Anna y Alan Highfield, quienes prepararon el caso para presentarlo a English Heritage. Una vez hubo hitos y hitos a intervalos de 1/3 de milla a lo largo de Palatine Road y Wilmslow Road en Withington. Este es el único ejemplo que queda. English Heritage sugiere que Turnpike Trust instaló los hitos y los hitos (ver más abajo).

El siguiente edificio al norte es el fragua. Este era propiedad de la familia Priday y fue fundado por William J. Priday; vea las iniciales "WJP" en el lado izquierdo de la entrada y la fecha de fundación de 1881 en el lado derecho. William Priday está enterrado en el cementerio de St. Paul, donde todavía se puede ver su lápida. La familia Priday dirigió una fragua en Burton Road mucho antes de 1881. El último miembro superviviente de la familia, Jack, vivió en Gatley hasta su muerte en octubre de 1991, a la edad de 88 años. Jack Priday recibió el BEM en los honores de Año Nuevo. en 1988. Hasta unos meses antes de su muerte, como herrador oficial de la policía de Manchester City, solía atender regularmente a los caballos en Hough End Farm en Old Moat Lane. Arriba, en la fragua, solía haber un loft que albergaba una colección que mostraba la artesanía de los carroceros. El patio de la forja una vez albergó la bomba del pueblo y la casa del maestro de escuela estaba cerca 3. Detrás de la fachada de la forja, el edificio ha sido reemplazado por pisos modernos.

Shaw Brook 10 pasa junto a la fragua y se puede ver en el patio trasero. El arroyo nace en Shawfield, Heaton Moor, cerca de la escuela Shawfield, y fluye a través de Burnage hasta Withington. Es visible desde Alan Road (cerca de la esquina con School Grove) hasta la escuela primaria de St. Paul, y luego hasta la forja, donde ingresa a una alcantarilla y pasa por debajo de Wilmslow Road (los mapas a menudo muestran solo una parte de esta ruta ). Luego corre bajo tierra hacia el norte y el oeste del Red Lion (desde donde a veces se le llamaba "Red Lion Brook") bajo los jardines de Tatton View, y luego gira hacia el oeste para reaparecer en Hough End como Chorlton Brook, y finalmente corre en el Mersey.

Al otro lado de la carretera está el Casa pública Turnpike (cerrado en 2018, y ahora a la venta). El nombre nos recuerda el estado de Wilmslow Road, que antes se llamaba Turnpike Lane y antes todavía High Street. Esta fue una de las rutas antiguas al sur de Manchester (ver mapas antiguos del área 6). De hecho, hay una sugerencia de que pudo haber servido como un "río salado" medieval 2. Entre 1753 y 1881, la carretera era una carretera de peaje que pasaba por el Manchester y Wilmslow Turnpike Trust, creado por una ley del Parlamento. El Trust mejoró la carretera y construyó el Puente Northenden sobre el Mersey en 1867. Estas mejoras fueron financiadas por los peajes cobrados a los usuarios de la carretera. Antes de que se construyeran los puentes sobre el Mersey, la carretera vadeó el Mersey en Ford Lane en Didsbury, donde lo cruzó por una ruta diagonal. Toll bars prevented people getting free access to the turnpike road and, at various times, these were at Mauldeth Road, Burton Road, Cotton Lane and Fog Lane, but no remains of these are visible 2 .

F . St. Paul's Church

Before the mid-19th century, Withington did not have a parish church. It was part of the large Parish of Manchester. There was however a chapel in Didsbury (now St. James' Church) which served as the local place of worship. St. Paul's parish church was consecrated on 21st October 1841. There were churches in Withington prior to this, for example, the first Wesleyan Methodist chapel in Withington was built in 1832. Originally, St. Paul's church served the people of Withington, Fallowfield, Ladybarn and Burnage. It cost £2,790 4s 4 ½ d to build (notice the ha'penny ½ d, half of an old penny!) and had seating for 649 people.

In 1847, the church's first organ was played by Felix Mendelssohn, the composer, who was staying nearby. According to a churchwarden’s account of 1896, Mendelssohn “played a service and gave a recital upon the organ and it was pronounced by him to be an excellent instrument”. 2,11

Before its enlargement to its present size, the church had no lady-chapel or choir vestry. These were added in the late 1850s, as was the clock in the tower. The church was re-opened in 1863 after the construction work. In 1894, the old lych-gate was replaced with the current one. In the early days of the church, church-goers paid annually for pews: side pews cost 5 shillings p.a., chancel seats 15s p.a. and front seats 17s 6d p.a.

An incident took place here one Sunday in 1855. At this time, Sundays were meant to be strictly observed. This particular Sunday, the churchwardens, sidesmen and duty constable, after the first lesson had been read, left the church to parade around the parish to check that there was no disorderly conduct during the time of the service. They picked up two men and brought them back to the church just before the sermon. Their crime? Gathering nettles from the fields into bags to make nettle wine! The bags of nettles were confiscated, but when the service was over, they were returned to the men and they were sent on their way with an admonishment from the vicar that they should, in future, treat the Sabbath as a day of rest 2 .

In December 1940, a mine fell by parachute and became caught in a tree in the churchyard to the north of the church. Everybody in nearby buildings was evacuated, but it failed to explode and was later defused.

Adjacent to the church is a building which was once St. Paul's School, but has been converted into flats. On the wall is a placa recording the dates: Erected 1844, enlarged 1865, 1878, and rebuilt 1896. The headmaster between 1896 and 1926 was Herbert Thomas Scholes. He would send misbehaving children to the forge, with a note to Mr. Priday to allow the child to pump the bellows for him during playtime!

Behind the school was the playground and, at one time, there was a corrugated-iron hut in a corner in which the 1st Withington Girl Guides used to meet. This company was founded in November 1918 by Elsa Carroll, when she was a pupil in her last year at Manchester High School for Girls.

Palatine Road was originally called Northenden New Road, and was built as a turnpike road in 1863 (a late development for turnpike roads, which were abolished in 1881). In the late 1880s, the Post Office requested that the section as far as Northenden village be renamed Palatine Road. The name originates from the fact that the road ran between what were two “Counties Palatine”: Lancashire and Cheshire. These counties, in the past, had a degree of autonomy from the Crown and Government.

This road provided the tram service to Manchester. Electric trams replaced horse-drawn trams in 1902 on the route. For the horse-drawn trams, the fares from Withington were “6d [old pence] inside, and 4d outside". 2 Alternative means of transport at the time were horse-buses and horse-drawn cabs, and trains from Withington Station (see above) and from Fallowfield Station which opened in 1891. Trams were replaced by buses on the route in 1938 .

GRAMO . St. Cuthbert's Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic church of St. Cuthbert's on Palatine Road was originally dedicated to "The Holy Ghost and St. Cuthbert". The church was established in 1874, and the nave opened in 1881. The building was extended in 1902. The architects for part of the extension were W. Telford Gunson and Sons (see the foundation stone).

Before this church opened, the Catholic community in Withington worshipped in a large room loaned to them by one of the householders living in Marriott Street. Earlier still, Mass was held in another private house called "Mount Street Joseph", which was on the site of the current Withington Library (on the corner of Wilmslow Road and Wellington Road).

Provost/Canon Rowntree was appointed as rector of St. Cuthbert's in 1896 and served the Catholic community until his death in 1952. He was followed by Canon O'Leary 1952-1974. 17

St. Cuthbert's School (1891) was adjacent to the presbytery until about 1908, when it moved to its present position on Cotton Lane. The former school building is still there and serves as a church hall.

Candleford Road and Passage

Looking across Palatine Road, you will see Candleford Road and Passage, leading to Burton Road. The passage was known locally as Boggart's Entry. 'Boggart' is a Northern dialect word, related to 'bogeyman', meaning a ghost or spectre ("especially a local goblin or sprite supposed to haunt a particular gloomy spot, or scene of violence" - Oxford English Dictionary). The passage is a former farm bridle path, and was edged on one side with 5ft high flags. These have now disappeared.

Around the 1880s, Burton Road was known as White Lion Lane, later Burton Lane. It was also known as Back Withington Lane and Burton Farm Lane. Priday's old forge or smithy, founded 1800, was at No. 3, Burton Road, directly opposite Withington Public Hall 3 .

A group of interesting buildings stands on Burton Road between the junction with Wilmslow Road and the Baths. These include, on the north side of Burton Road adjacent to the White Lion, an unusual small building which is Withington Public Hall and Institute. It has the date of 1861 in the brickwork, and was a gift of Lord Egerton of Tatton to Withington. The Hall has functioned as a members club since 1906 2 , and, in the 1990s, it had a membership of approx. 400. It housed (1861-1911) an early lending library for Withington (see below) and, in the main room, there used to be a large fire in the winter for members and visitors. 2 The building no longer functions as a club, and its future is yet to be determined (2020).

los Orion Hotel is a public house on Burton Road. On December 18th 1867, John Hamnet Norbury, a stonemason and builder, bought the plot on which the Orion stands, for an apportioned chief rent of £16.18s.6d and built two houses on it, one of which had a stonemason's yard adjoining. The second house became a public house called the Orion, and John Norbury became the first landlord and licencee. On 22nd June 1875, John Norbury sold the plot with the two houses to Broadbents, the brewers. The second house became a storehouse for beer barrels. The Orion is named after a 19th century HMS Orion, on which John Norbury served 14 . The ship depicted on the sign is a more recent warship.

What used to be a Primitive Methodist Chapel stands on the corner of Old Moat Lane and Burton Road. It is now (2020) an Adult Learning Centre. Primitive Methodism was a movement in Methodism from about 1807 until the union with Wesleyan Methodism and United Methodism in 1932, to form the Methodist Church of Great Britain. A previous place of worship for the Primitive Methodists from 1880 to 1890 stood on Old Moat Lane - there are reports that this took place in a room above what is now the shop on the corner of Hill Street and Old Moat Lane. The church's foundation stone (much defaced) is dated 1891. Worship continued here until September 1954. Since then, Methodist worship has taken place at the Methodist Church in the village centre. The shop on the corner of Old Moat Lane and Hill Street was at one time a plumber's shop owned by Peter Donnet 2 , and then it became Walsh’s DIY store (closed 2019).

Withington Baths (now Withington Leisure Centre, 2014) has a datestone of 1911, and was built immediately to the north of a cricket ground on Burton Road. The building was designed by Henry Price (1867-1944), a City Council architect, who also designed Withington Public Library. The style of the Baths combines elements of Art Nouveau and the Arts and Crafts movement. The Baths had separate entrances for men and women. Despite this, it was the first Baths in Manchester to allow mixed bathing (in 1914). In the Second World War, on New Year's Eve 1940, an air-raid shelter in front of the baths took a direct hit. Seven ARP wardens were killed.

The centenary of the Baths in 2011 was celebrated with a community party. 19 In a recent development, on June 22 nd 2015 the Baths re-opened as a community-run leisure centre.

Facing the Baths is the site of the Waterloo Inn/Hotel, now Brigadier Close. The name of this public house is taken from the annual dog coursing event, the "Waterloo Cup". William Foulkes, who lived in a house that was previously on this site, picked up a stray dog, which he called "Brigadier". The dog was trained by a Mr. Gordon and, in 1866, it won the Waterloo Cup. When the dog died, it was buried in the grounds. The tombstone read: "In Memory of a Faithful Friend, Brigadier, Winner of the Waterloo Cup, 1866. Died September 18th, 1877, aged 14 yrs 3 months”. 2 The pub has been replaced by a housing development, but the name of the dog has been preserved in Brigadier Close. A plaque commemorating Brigadier's achievement disappeared for a while but was reinstated in early 2013.

I . Copson Street and the Withington Trough

Copson Street was formerly called Cooper Street, and used to house well-known family shops, including Hope's butchers and Gough’s greengrocers.

Withington trough is located towards the west end of Copson Street. It started its life outside what is now Withington Public Library in 1876. In 1927, it was moved to the junction of Palatine Road and Wilmslow Road, near the White Lion public house. There are personal recollections of the trough apparently being moved on several more occasions:

"At the White Lion stood the Horse Trough where the horses which drew the milk floats, the bread vans and the coal carts could stop for a refreshing drink." K. Glyn Jones in Bygone Withington (1977) recalling a period around 1927. 18

"At the junction of Wilmslow Road and Palatine Road there was a large horse-trough, and a drinking fountain with a drinking cup fastened by a chain. This was later moved to a new location in front of Withington Library, but disappeared from there many years ago.” Jack Jordan in Bygone Withington (1977). 18

One of the Civic Society correspondents, Steve Partington, recalls: "the horse trough was at the bottom of Cotton Lane alongside Withington Green from my earliest memory in 1953, until we left in 1968. My Dad used to take a drink from the enamel cup that was attached to a chain at one end, so it was plumbed in with fresh water, at that location.” (Personal note, 2010)

The trough disappeared for some years. The story of its rediscovery is of interest: a free paper called the "Withington Reporter", published by a volunteer group, advertised for information on where the trough may be. Many sightings were received! It was Mrs. Tidmas of 2, Old Moat Lane, who reported finding it, quite neglected, in a field at Chamber Hall Farm, Heald Green. The farmer asked for a tin bath as replacement and this was provided! The trough was then returned to Withington in 1985, thanks to the efforts of Withington Civic Society. The Society arranged for its removal in sections to the current site, secured planning permission for its installation, and restored the area around the trough.

The inscription on the water trough

". that ye may drink, both ye and

your cattle and your beasts" [2 Kings, 3:17]

is appropriately chosen: the trough provided water for people with a cup at the front, for horses, and for dogs at the side.

Old Moat Lane was originally called Old Hall Lane, when it had a different alignment (see old maps of the area 6 ). It led to Withington Old Hall, near the old moated house which gave the area its name of Old Moat. See the Civic Society website 16 for details of the history of this area.

In the early part of the 20th century, Withington was perceived as exemplifying a wealth divide, two populations separated by Wilmslow Road, with the poorer area in the west and the richer area in the larger houses to the east in the Parsonage Road area. The divide is no longer so evident as there have been new developments on both sides of the road and a good deal of renovation.

Notice the central drain and the back view of the houses which are, for the most part, unchanged since they were built in the late 1880s.

J . Davenport Avenue and Old Moat Park

Davenport Avenue was named after a Mr. Davenport who owned a house on part of the land on which the avenue stands. In 1817, he allowed the Wesleyan Methodists to use a harness room attached to his house, which they did up to his death.

In 1908, there was a land dispute between the Egertons of Tatton Hall, who once owned much of the land in the area, and a local grocer, Mr. McMinn. A strange consequence of this is that a wall was erected dividing Davenport Avenue at Moorfield St/Ave. This was referred to as "Waller's wall”: Frank Waller being a local electrician. Old photographs of the wall show it as a substantial barrier across the road 3 .

The streets in this area are essentially unchanged since they were built between 1862 and1892 6 .

Rippingham Road is named after Mr Rippingham, the builder of the houses in this road, and possibly nearby roads. There used to be a pickle factory, selling products under the name "Olde Farm” on Rippingham Road, which was founded in 1919. The owner retired in 1989. Notice the carved street sign dated 1895, and the signs for Claremont Terrace (1890) and Oak Bank (1891).

What is now Old Moat Park (5.6 acres) between Rippingham Road and Hill Street, with a children’s play area, lawns and artworks, was a recreation ground, with a bowling green and bandstand recorded as far back as 1916 6 , when it was bordered by agricultural land on two sides.

K . Wellington Road and Withington Library

At the junction of Wellington Road and Wilmslow Road once stood the village stocks! 2

Kenneth Whittaker describes the history of Wellington Road 2 : "The road was previously called Raspberry Lane but John Baird, writing in the 1896 Bazaar Handbook, suggested that this was a corruption of Rasperé Lane. The name Rasperé had been taken from a Frenchman who resided there. Whatever the correct explanation, the Ordnance Survey sheet of 1848 gives an added twist by naming it Rassbeaur's Lane."

Two streams cross Wellington Road 10 . At the former railway bridge, Fallowfield Brook is visible to the west of the road. Further south, Leigh Brook is culverted under Wellington Road at Victoria Road. This is marked as Leigh Brook on the 1862 OS map 6 , and Ley Brook on the Tithe Map (1845-49). On both maps, the crossing is named as "Rassbeaur's Bridge".

Withington Library: Before the purpose-built library, there was a lending library as far back as 1861 in Withington Public Hall, which stands on Burton Road (see Page 14). This had 1,200 books 5 in 1895 - a considerable number at that time. Fletcher Moss, of the Old Parsonage, Didsbury, campaigned for a library in Withington during his time as alderman. Nothing resulted. The following quote from Fletcher Moss's Fifty Years Public Work in Didsbury 5 indicates the state-of-mind of some people at the time:

"In 1895 and several succeeding years, I moved a resolution for the adoption of the Public Libraries Act and was always sat upon by the conservative majority. Mr Joe Lunn (Conservative builder) of Withington told us that there was a library in Withington in an upper room somewhere behind the White Lion and all the folk that ever went into it were a few women a week. What was the good of having another library?"

On 13th October 1911, a library service was set up by the City Council in a house on the site of the present building. This had a stock of 1,861 books, as well as a newsroom. It soon became clear that a more substantial service in a purpose-built building was required 20 .

The present building was designed by Henry Price (1867-1944), a council architect who also designed, at an earlier date, Withington Baths. The library is one of the many "Carnegie libraries" in the UK, partly financed by a fund set up by the Scottish-American industrialist, Andrew Carnegie (the donation was £5,000, from a total cost of £15,500). The building was opened in 1927 by the Earl of Elgin and Kincardine (Treasurer of the Carnegie UK Trust and President of the Library Association). He became the first borrower of a book, a copy of James Tait's Medieval Manchester and the Beginnings of Lancashire (1904).

A one-time librarian, Miss Starkey, used to encourage Robert Donat, before he became the famous actor and Oscar-winning film-star, to use the library to improve his skills in the profession by practising reading. 20

Withington library was one of the first in Manchester to have a young people's reading room. Children had to be at least 9 years old and in Standard 3 to join. There was a librarian for young people available at certain times. Those qualified to join would get a ticket saying when they could use the library to read books, but they were not allowed to borrow them. 20

Across Wilmslow Road from the library, there used to be Withington's first Post Office and sorting office until they moved to separate purpose-built premises. The Post Office is now in Egerton Crescent, and the sorting office further north on Wilmslow Road.

Between 1907 and 1919, Ernest Rutherford, later Lord Rutherford, the pioneering atomic physicist, working at Manchester University, used to live on Wilmslow Road, north of the Mauldeth Road junction on the east side, in a substantial house now called Rutherford Lodge. There is a blue plaque on the building recording his residence here.

The “Old Bank”: a former branch of NatWest Bank

A branch of the Manchester and County Bank opened on Wilmslow Road in the Oak Bank Buildings on 1st August 1877. This building, which has a datestone of 1876, has ornate, rather Italianate, brickwork and stands on the south side of the junction of Davenport Avenue and Wilmslow Road on a site that was formerly gardens.

The bank moved across the road to the present building (1890) designed by architects Mills and Murgatroyd. It was purpose-built and has an attached house on Swinbourne Grove, in which the manager was required to live. This house became offices sometime after WWII. Although purpose-built, the southern half of the ground floor frontage was originally a shop. From 1903/4, G.F. Leather (Draper and Outfitter), held the tenancy of the shop, trading here until 1912 when the shop moved across the road to 416, Wilmslow Road. This shop traded at various premises from 1898 until 1978, making what is likely to be a record of 80 years continuous trading in Withington. No sign of the shop remains in the present building.

The original banking company has been taken over several times: it became a branch of the District Bank in 1935, The National Provincial in 1963, and the National Westminster 1970. However, this branch never traded as the National Provincial, continuing as the District Bank until it became National Westminster in 1969/70. The building is Grade II Listed. It was vacated in 2016 and is currently (2020) unoccupied, though hosting “pop-up” events, and with plans to become a community facility.

Opposite the bank, there was a bakery whose first owner, at the turn of the century, was Mr. Schule from Germany. In 1935, this shop was bought by a Mr. Duwe, also from Germany. It closed in 1969.

  • Walk southwards along Wilmslow Road through the Village looking out for the following buildings

L . Withington Methodist Church

Withington Methodist Church in the village centre was built in 1865. Extensive redevelopment work was undertaken in 1992.

The origins of the church are recounted on the church website 12 : "Withington Methodist Church owes its origin to the vision of two twelve-year-old girls, Hannah Hesketh and Hannah Langford, who, in the 1790s, heard the gospel in neighbouring Burnage and asked that a bible class be run for them in Withington. From this class, held originally in farmhouse kitchens, a worshipping community developed who, in 1832, erected a small chapel in old Moat and subsequently built the present building in 1865."

The first Methodist services in Withington were held in a room hired from a handloom weaver in the village, called Cash. This room was in a previous building on the south corner of Wilmslow Road and Egerton Crescent. Services were held as early as 1801. A Wesleyan Methodist church was built on Old Hall Lane, and was in use from 1832 to 1864, when the congregation moved to its present site. There was also a Primitive Methodist chapel on Burton Road (see Page 15).

In 1862, the land on the site of the present Victoria Hotel was sold. In 1905, Hydes brewery bought the site from Mr. W. M. Kay. The pub, at the time, had a basement below, a flat above, a small stable behind and, in the yard, a small cottage. In 1906/7, Hydes demolished the cottage and stable, extended the public house at the rear and built the single storey side section on Queen Street. The interior was renovated in 1984, but the exterior has remained unaltered.

The Albert Hotel and the shop next door are the oldest surviving buildings in the centre of Withington. On 26th October 1793, John Rigby, described as a “yeoman of Withington”, sold to John Bowker three acres of land. In 1824, Edward Langford, a joiner, acquired a dwelling house, gardens and premises probably on this land. Between 1824 and 1829, he built three cottages, which, in 1852, he sold to Thomas Holt, a cashier. During the next ten years, Thomas Holt converted the three cottages into two tenements to form a beer house, a shop and a dwelling house. The first mention of the public house by the present name (as the “Albert Inn”) was in 1897.

This is a short street running off Wilmslow Road and retains several old buildings. Towards the end on the right is a building that was recorded as a herrería on the 1916 OS map 6 , and is now a car repair shop. On the left is a former stable building with hayloft and hoist. Both buildings are adorned with horseshoes! Stables and smithies were a common sight throughout the country when horses were the principal means of transport. Most have now been lost.

The former Barclays Bank building

The former Barclay's Bank building, on the east side of Wilmslow Road, is one of several prestigious bank buildings in the village. The Bank acquired the freehold interest on this property on 26th May, 1903. The branch opened on 5th September, 1904, and cost £5,100. It closed in the early 21 st century, and has since been used as a bar and restaurant.

METRO . Egerton Crescent

Egerton Crescent takes its name from the Egerton family of Tatton Hall, who were formerly Lords of the Manor and major landowners in the area. On the left-hand side of the entrance to the crescent, in the 1930s, there used to be a chemist shop, operating from a cottage on the site. For a prescription, one walked down the garden path and knocked at the door!

On the south side of the entrance to Egerton Crescent, the stone-faced building was once a branch of the Royal Bank of Scotland, recently closed (2018). It was originally a branch of Williams Deacon's Bank. In 1801, there was a private house on this site belonging to Mr. Cash, a handloom weaver. Methodists held services here and founded the first Sunday school in Withington in 1829, and also a day school. Across the road, on the corner of Copson Street, there was a high-class grocers shop, owned by Morley Brooks, which later became a contact lens/spectacle shop.

On the corner of Copson Street and Wilmslow Road, there used to be a cinema, one of two in Withington (the other was “The Palatine Picture House” on Palatine Road, which closed in 1960). The Scala Electric Palace, which, in its last years, was called Cine City, opened in 1912 and became one of the longest surviving cinemas in the country 7 . Before sound pictures, the Scala had a woman pianist and many people came to hear her as well as watch the silent movies. The steps outside the cinema were often used to announce election results. The building was hit by a small bomb in October 1940. The cinema closed in July 2001, and, despite protests, was demolished in 2008 7 . A mixed-use building, with a frontage recalling the former cinema, has been erected on the site (opened 2019).

In the mid-1930s, there were 109 cinemas in Manchester and people often visited cinemas 3 or 4 times per week. By 1965, the number of cinemas in Manchester had dropped to 40. 7

Across the road from the the Scala building, there is a big house on the south corner of Parsonage Road. The house previously on this site was the original St. Paul's Rectory/Parsonage, hence the name of the road.

norte . The White Lion Hotel

The large building on the north corner of Wilmslow Road and Burton Road is what was once the White Lion Hotel. There is a white lion on the tower. It was formerly called the Withington Ale House, and is now a Grade II Listed building. There was a previous building on this site, built sometime in the 18 th century, also called the White Lion, which was probably altered or rebuilt in 1840. The present building has an inset on the north wall chimney with a date of 1880. The architect unfortunately died before the building was completed. At one time, it was the custom for the White Lion to present prizes on May Day to the best local horse teams. The most untidy horse also won an award - a curry comb, an instrument for grooming horses! 2

Renovations to incorporate a supermarket took place in 2010-11. Much of the interior has been preserved, including some fine stained glass and a well in the basement. At the rear of the building is the former stable yard with a coach-house. The pillars in front of the building are historical features and Grade II Listed.

Withington Civic Society website contains a collection of articles covering many aspects of the history of the area. You will also find a list of local history resources: www.withingtoncivicsociety.org.uk.

This history walk originated as typewritten notes by the late Louise Kane, an MCC Blue Badge guide and a member of the Civic Society. Louise led Withington Walks for several summers. They were well-attended and much appreciated. The original material has been brought up-to-date (in 2014 and 2020) and substantially revised and expanded for this tour. References and links have been added so that you can find further details about the history.

Kenneth Whittaker, who wrote the first history of Withington, kindly read an earlier version of this tour, and suggested changes that have been incorporated in this revision. Cliff Pelham kindly read early notes for this history tour and responded with suggestions. Cliff also read a more recent draft, correcting some factual errors and suggesting further improvements. Roger Smith read several drafts and contributed many improvements. Thanks to Steve Partington for reminiscences of Withington trough. Gerald Peacock contributed some historical details. Thanks also to Anne Rydeheard and Pip Cotterill for comments and corrections.

Comments to Withington Civic Society are welcome.

If you wish to use extracts of this tour for commercial or for non-commercial purposes, contact Withington Civic Society for permission. The tour is not to be released in any other form without permission of the Civic Society. However, short extracts (no more than 1 page) for non-commercial purposes are allowed, but please acknowledge the source and give the Civic Society website address. For use of the photographs, which are available on the Civic Society website, please see the website for permissions.

[ 1] Illustrated History of Manchester's Suburbs. Glynis Cooper (2002). Breedon Books, in association with Manchester Libraries, ISBN: 1-85983-292-X. Website: www.breedonbooks.co.uk.

[2] A history of Withingon. Kenneth Whittaker, (1957, Rev. Ed. 1969). E.J. Morten Publishers.

[3] Looking Back at Withington and Didsbury. Gay Sussex and Peter Helm, (1988, Reprinted 1993). Willow Publishing.

[4] 100 years of Manchester High School for Girls, 1874-1974. MHSG. K.L. Hilton (compiler).

[5] Fifty Years Public Work in Didsbury: The Evolution of a Village from 1500 to 15,00 People. Fletcher Moss, The Old Parsonage, Didsbury (1915).

[6] Old maps of the area, including those on the website www.withingtoncivicsociety.org.uk , Tithe Maps and the OS maps of Withington, especially Withington (1892) and Withington and Burnage (1916) both 1:2500.

[7] Wikipedia page on Cine City, Withington. Nov 2012.

[8] Wikipedia page on West Didsbury Metrolink station. Nov 2012.

[9] The Suburban Growth of Victorian Manchester by H.B. Rogers (http://www.mangeogsoc.org.uk/pdfs/centenaryedition/Cent_17_Rodgers.pdf).

[10] Watercourses: Streams and brooks of the Withington area. Withington Civic Society website www.withingtoncivicsociety.org.uk

[11] Wikipedia page on St. Paul's Church, Withington. (2020).

[12] Withington Methodist Church. Church website (2012).

[13] Wikipedia page on Christies Hospital. Retrieved Nov 2012.

[14] The RootsWeb website (http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com), The Norbury family tree (2012)

[15] Gallery section of the Withington Civic Society website

[16] The Old Moat section of the Withington Civic Society website www.withingtoncivicsociety.org.uk (2012).

[17] Extract from Salford Diocese and its Catholic past by Charles A. Bolton, (priest of the Diocese). Published 1950 on the First Centenary for the Diocese of Salford. Reproduced on the GenUKI website , 2004.

[18] Bygone Withington: Essays by local residents. City of Manchester Cultural Services, 1977. Available at www.withingtoncivicsociety.org.uk .

[19] Withington Area Events. Withington Civic Society website www.withingtoncivicsociety.org.uk, “Community Events” page.

[20] Manchester Library Services: Seventy Years of Withington Library 1927-1997.


Serket (Scorpion), Pharaoh of Egypt

Scorpion, also King Scorpion or Scorpion II refers to the second of two kings so-named of Upper Egypt during the Protodynastic Period. Their names may refer to the scorpion goddess Serket. The name of the queen who was his consort was Shesh I, the mother of Narmer and the grand-grandmother of another queen, Shesh II.

The only pictorial evidence of his existence is the so-called Scorpion Macehead that was found in the Main deposit by archeologists James E. Quibell and Frederick W. Green in a temple at Nekhen (Hierakonpolis) during the dig season of 1897/1898.[2] It is currently on display at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. The stratigraphy of this macehead was lost due to the methods of its excavators, but its style seems to date it to the very end of the Predynastic Period.[3] Though badly damaged, the visible parts are extraordinary records from this early time in Egyptian history. He is believed to have lived just before or during the rule of Narmer at Thinis for this reason, and also because of the content of the macehead.

The Scorpion Macehead depicts a single large figure wearing the White Crown of Upper Egypt. He holds a hoe, which has been interpreted as a ritual either involving the pharaoh ceremonially cutting the first furrow in the fields, or opening the dikes to flood them.[4] The name "Scorpion" is derived from the image of a scorpion that appears immediately in front of his face that may represent the scorpion goddess Serket, just below a flower with seven petals the use and placement of the iconography is similar to the depiction of the pharaoh Narmer on the obverse side of the Narmer Palette. Protodynastic hieroglyphics are difficult to read, but the dead lapwings (meaning Lower Egyptians) and the nine bows (meaning the traditional enemies of Egyptians) found on the macehead are interpreted as evidence that he began the attacks on Lower Egypt which eventually resulted in Narmer's victory and unification of the country.[5] The lapwing was also used as a hieroglyph meaning "common people", so the standards they are attached to may represent the names of particular towns Scorpion conquered.[6]

A second, smaller mace head fragment is referred to as the Minor Scorpion mace head.[7] Little is left of this mace head, though it clearly depicts the pharaoh wearing the Red Crown of Lower Egypt.

There are several theories regarding his identity. Some[who?] would argue that, because Egyptian kings of the First Dynasty seem to have had multiple names,[8] Scorpion was the same person as Narmer, simply with an alternate name. Others have identified the king Scorpion with Narmer's predecessor, Ka (or Sekhen) Edwards in 1965 considered Ka's glyph, the outstretched arms of the ka sign, as simply a stylistically different version of a scorpion.[9] The historian Susan Wise Bauer maintains that Scorpion II and Narmer were indeed two separate kings, but that Scorpion II reigned in 3200 BC, a century before Narmer.[10] Because Scorpion II is not attested at Abydos, he could be a contemporary king to Narmer, who eventually lost or bequeathed Nekhen to Narmer.

A British television programme[11] proposed that the macehead was a tribute by Narmer to King Scorpion I (whose tomb at Abydos is known). According to this theory, there was only one protodynastic king Scorpion, rather than two as is commonly maintained.

The Scorpion King's name was used in the 2001 film The Mummy Returns and its 2002 spin-off The Scorpion King.

William Golding's novel The Scorpion God is loosely based upon this period of Egyptian History.


Allied War Losses

This page is probably not fully complete
It shows ships destroyed (lost) to all causes during the war.

During the war the Allies (Americans, United Kingdom and Commonwealth, France, Russia, Netherlands, . ) lost more than 1,900 warships to all causes. This listing shows them all.


The Gato class submarine Runner (i) (SS-275) of the US Navy. She was lost on 1 Jul 1943.

1940 Allied warship losses located.

Losses by navy

Royal Navy (1110)
US Navy (489)
Soviet Navy (138)
French Navy (95)
Royal Dutch Navy (59)
Royal Canadian Navy (31)
Royal Hellenic Navy (26)
Royal Norwegian Navy (23)
Royal Australian Navy (16)
Royal Indian Navy (12)
Polish Navy (12)
Free French Navy (9)
Italian Navy (7)
United States Coast Guard (5)
Royal New Zealand Navy (2)
Brazilian Navy (2)

This page shows all the Allied warships lost during World War Two. The page optionally is divided by navy for more compact listing.


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Comentarios:

  1. Macfarlane

    Lo siento, pensé y borré mi pensamiento.

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    la frase magnifica

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    ¡Notablemente! ¡Gracias!

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